Some Facts about Osteoporosis

Posted on 25. Oct, 2012 by in Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a common bone disease affecting a huge population of women around the world. In the US alone, at least 40 million people already have it and more are at risk of developing it. Men may also develop osteoporosis, which can be acquired at any age.

Osteoporosis is characterized by the weakening of the bones. Because they have become vulnerable or fragile, they tend to break easily. Most often, osteoporosis is asymptomatic, the reason it is dubbed as a ‘silent disease.’ The problem is often detected during later stages. One who has osteoporosis are likely to suffer from bone fractures that can be obtained even with minor pressure. The common parts affected are the hips, spine, rib, and wrist.

To find out whether you have osteoporosis or you are at risk, a doctor would diagnose you through bone mineral density (BMD) test.

Common Causes

There are several risk factors that trigger the development of osteoporosis. These may include the following:

  • Old age
  • Gender
  • Being lean and thin
  • Ace or ethnicity
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Heredity or genetics
  • Eating disorders like anorexia
  • Lack of osteoporosis calcium supplements and vitamin D
  • Certain drugs or medication
  • Lack of exercise
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excessive alcohol intake

Prevention and Treatment Methods

There is no other way that osteoporosis can be prevented but by having a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium. In terms of nutrition, make it a point to consume dairy products like cheese, milk, and yogurt. You can also obtain calcium and other important vitamins from liver, oatmeal, leafy green vegetables, and almond. Meanwhile, moderate exposure to sunlight will be enough to activate the vitamin D in your body.

These are great ways to prevent the development of osteoporosis. Calcium supplements are also powerful when it comes to reducing the risks. This is highly recommended for women who are in their early 20s.

Daily exercise will also make a big difference. Especially if you are already in your late 20s or early 30s, you should set aside a few minutes daily and dedicate them to cardio workouts or minor stretching. This will help keep the bones healthy and safe from the risks of osteoporosis and arthritis as well.

As much as possible, stop smoking. It does not matter whether you quit gradually or cold turkey as long as you make sure you give up the habit before anything goes wrong. Smoking is a big contributor in making the bones and even the whole body susceptible to various kinds of diseases as much as too much alcohol intake is.

People who have osteoporosis are at great risk of obtaining bone fracture especially if they have poor vision and/or improper balance. They are prone to falls, which is why intense care must be taken anytime. It is advisable for them to walk with a cane or use shoes with soles made of rubber to prevent slipping. Even if the person is suffering from severe osteoporosis, calcium supplements can still do wonders. Regular consultation with a doctor is still a must.

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