Understanding Joint Pains, Arthritis, Osteoporosis

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Different Sources of Natural Calcium

Posted on 30. Jul, 2012 by .

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Natural calcium is one of the more important minerals the human body needs. It is responsible for keeping the bones and teeth strong and healthy. So few should wonder why we are constantly bombarded with advertisements promoting milk, especially cow’s milk.

Calcium goes way beyond than the homogenous and pasteurized milk products overflowing at the aisles of every grocery store. Though milk is generally good for you, some people like the lacto-intolerant ones and those who simply just don’t like its taste, can’t afford or don’t want to drink them regularly. It’s a good thing that there is a host of different kinds of foods that are rich in calcium.

Sources of Natural Calcium

Green leafy vegetables, especially the dark ones, are prime source of calcium. Kale, for example, contains 139 mg of calcium in every 100 gram serving. For the same amount of collards, you get 145 mg of calcium. Bok choy provides 158 mg while spinach has around 56 mg per cup.

There are lots of other vegetables that are rich in calcium. Broccoli which has more than 70 mg in every cup comes with Vitamin C which also aids in calcium absorption. It is also rich in dietary fibers and other vitamins.

Among the many fruits that are rich in calcium, oranges are high on the list. A cupful of freshly-squeezed juice contains more than 70 mg of calcium. It also contains other beneficial elements like Vitamin A and C, potassium, and beta carotene.

A variety of edible seeds are great sources of calcium. Sesame seeds contain 1000 mg of calcium in every 100 grams. For every cupful of cooked quinoa, you get up to 100 mg of calcium plus an assortment of other vitamins including protein and zinc. Chia seeds provide more than 600 mg of calcium in just 3.5 ounce serving. They also are good sources of Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. Flax seeds which provide 256 mg of calcium in every 100 gram serving are also high in omega 3 fatty acids and are great in keeping the intestines healthy and functional.

Beans are another prime source of calcium. A serving of 100 grams of baked beans has around 100 mg of calcium. It is also a good substitute for animal meat as a source of protein. White beans have 175 mg per 100 gram serving while navy beans provide 127 mg. Winged beans have one of the highest concentration of calcium with over 400 mg per 100 gram serving. Tofu, a popular byproduct of soybean, is another good source of calcium. These calcium-rich beans are also high in magnesium, which works hand in hand with calcium in strengthening the bones.

Nuts are not only great snacks but also great sources of different vitamins and minerals, including calcium. Almonds are perhaps one of the more nutrient-rich foods around. Aside from having very high 750 mg calcium content for every serving, these nuts also provide fiber, protein and a host of other vitamins and minerals. This is the reason why dried fruits and nuts combos like trail mix are popular among health buffs.

The list does not end here. There are other sources of natural calcium outside of milk and the above-mentioned foods.

New Hope for Psoriasis Patients

Posted on 28. Jul, 2012 by .

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When the role of the immune system was discovered in the 1960s and 1970s, it led to a lot of new psoriasis treatments. Methotrexate, cyclosporine, and corticosteroids have improved the symptoms of psoriasis for a lot of people. Though for the following decades, majority of psoriasis treatments were stuck in neutral.

But all of those are history, thanks to the latest breakthroughs in researches on psoriasis. There are new psoriasis treatments which are highly effective, but the cost is pretty high and it carries some risks. There are also incoming psoriasis treatments that are about to be approved by the FDA, which gives hope to all people suffering from psoriasis.

Unlike heart disease or cancer, researches on psoriasis don’t make the headlines. Also, research in psoriasis is hamstrung by the human skin’s uniqueness: Experiments on rats, mice, or other animals are not very helpful unlike experiments in other illnesses. Lately, though, the funding in psoriasis research has been doubled by the NIH (National Institutes of Health). Generally speaking, other autoimmune disease researches have gained new information on the immune system. It was found out that some problems in autoimmune diseases are also present in psoriasis. New treatments were brought out of this wider understanding of diseases related to the immune system. These drugs, which are called biologic agents, have launched a modern era of psoriasis treatments.

Drugs that are made from the substances found in living beings or organisms define the term biologic agents. They are lab-produced antibodies or proteins which are injected into the bloodstream or the skin. The altered part of the immune system that pitches in to psoriasis is blocked by these biologic agents.

In general, psoriasis responds to biologic agents by:

  • Directly blocking T-cells (type of white blood cell)
  • Suppressing TNF-alpha (tumor necrosis factor-alpha), a substance that acts as one of the immune system’s main messenger chemicals.
  • Blocking interleukins, also messenger chemicals of the immune system.
  • Psoriasis’ plaques and patches are caused by a non-adaptive interaction between white blood cells and skin cells. By suppressing T-cells or TNF-alpha, or targeting interleukins, biologic agents impede the unhealthy relationship between the two types of cells.
  • The overgrowth of scaly, thick skin and inflammation are reduced.

The FDA approved these biologic agents to treat moderate to severe psoriases:

Alefacept (Amevive) – protein that blocks T-cells

Etanercept (Enbrel) – TNF-alpha blocker

Adalimumab (Humira) – an antibody that blocks TNF-alpha

Infliximab (Remicade) – TNF-alpha blocker

Ustekinumab (Stelara) – human protein against interleukins

Psoriasis responds well to biologic agents: Each of the drugs reduced the activity of psoriasis by 75% in a lot of people, based on clinical trials. Though, these new psoriasis treatments have disadvantages. A person is most likely to spend hundreds, even thousands of dollars monthly when using biologic agents for treating psoriasis. There is also a higher risk of complications like infection and cancer, requiring patients to be closely monitored.

Because of the broader understanding of immune system problems, developing drugs to treat psoriasis has somehow been encouraged. A lot of these drugs are still in the early testing stages. Some are almost finished with the clinical trials and are waiting for FDA approval.

Strengthening Your Bones through a Healthy Diet

Posted on 25. Jul, 2012 by .

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There are no specific foods to eat for a healthy osteoarthritis diet, but numerous studies have shown that eating healthy is important in managing or preventing osteoarthritis.

Ruth Frechman, a dietitian, recommends older people to eat lesser amounts of food in order to maintain their weight. However, the amount of food to be eaten will not ensure a nutritious diet. The FDA had just issued some guidelines for American citizens, which states that a healthy, nutritious diet should be focused on plant-based foods. Roughly 2/3 of a person’s diet should contain whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. The remaining 1/3 should contain low-fat or fat-free dairy products plus food rich in protein.

Settling Your Osteoarthritis Diet

It’s important to eat various fruits, dried, frozen or fresh fruit, everyday. Note that over-indulging on fruit juice is bad for you because its sugar level can be high. Gender, age and level of activity indicate how much servings of fruit should be taken by a person. Generally, adults should take 1.5–2 cups daily. This amount of servings can be attained with an orange, a banana, and a 1/4cup of any dried fruit.

Orange and dark green vegetables, peas and dried beans are important to a nutritious diet. Adults should take 2-3 cups of vegetables daily, mostly coming from orange vegetables like carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, garbanzos, and from leafy, dark green vegetables like broccoli, greens and spinach.

Whole grain foods like brown rice, oatmeal, bulgur, and whole cornmeal should also be included in a person’s daily meal. This is a better option then refined grains (white bread, white rice and white flour) because whole grain food has fiber, and refined grain food has none. An average person should consume 3oz of whole grain products everyday.

Even for people who don’t have osteoarthritis, dairy products are still essential to their diet since dairy products are rich in calcium. Yogurt, cheese, low or fat-free milk are the best dairy products. On average, adults need to take dairy products approximately 3 cups daily.

Lastly, protein is extremely important in a person’s health because having high levels of protein will cause the body to grow and be strong. Foods like poultry, meat, fish, seeds and nuts are rich in protein.

Food and Beverages to Avoid

Of course, osteoarthritis patients also need to think about the food that is bad for them. Here are the food and beverages that shouldn’t be part of the osteoporosis diet:

Trans Fat – This can be found mostly in junk food, fast food, sweets, and baked products. Some examples are chips, crackers, donuts, and pastries. To be safe, check the product’s labels to know if it has trans fat or not.

Saturated Fat – Found mostly in lard, meat, butter, and other food that are high in cholesterol.

Salt – This is primarily found in processed food. Eating too much salty food can elevate a person’s blood pressure, which is dangerous especially to older people. Check the product’s labels to know if the sodium level is high or not.

Sugar – It is sometimes called “empty calories” because it adds to the body’s calories even though it doesn’t offer nutritional values. Although, the body still needs it for a lot of reasons. So just make sure that sugar intake is moderated.

Alcoholic Beverages – These drinks also give you empty calories. Drink moderately, and only have one or two drinks per day.

All in all, having a nutritious eating plan connotes that you have to avoid dairy products that are high in fat and avoid red meat too. The body will need enough fruits and vegetables, nuts, whole grains, and beans so make sure to have plenty of it. Also, it would be helpful to read labels first, and make it a habit because this can save you from having too much trans fat, saturated fat, sugar and sodium.

A Diet for Healthier Bones

Posted on 24. Jul, 2012 by .

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When a person gets osteoporosis, he or she will surely wonder about the things he/she can do to ease this condition. The simplest answer is by taking an osteoporosis diet. Eating the right food and avoiding the wrong ones will help strengthen the bones.

A doctor from the National Osteoporosis Foundation stated that preventing and treating osteoporosis is highly involved with vitamin D and calcium intake, as well as eating a lot of fruits and vegetables. Having a good osteoporosis diet is important even though medications are being taken for osteoporosis.

If the cause of osteoporosis is too much bed rest or a medical condition, an osteoporosis diet can bring back the bone mass of a person, especially for the younger ones. But if the bone loss is an age-related condition, it may not be useful.

Vitamin D, Calcium, and More

These dietary tips can aid people diagnosed with osteoporosis:

Taking dietary supplements is a fine option, but it’s generally better to gain calcium thru food. Adults are supposed to have 1,000mg of calcium everyday. People over 50 need 1,200mg and women need 1,300mg after menopause. Remember that taking too much calcium than the recommended dosage won’t benefit you that much. Plus, there are also risks that go along with it.

The following are food sources rich in calcium:

-Ricotta cheese, skim milk, or other dairy products that is low-fat

-Goods that are calcium fortified

-Canned sardines in oil with bones

-Dark, green, leafy vegetables

By simply adding some broccoli or cheese to your plate, the healthiness of the meal goes higher. Dairy products remain as the most reliable source of calcium, that’s why lactose intolerant people are prone to bone diseases. For lactose intolerant people, yogurt is the best option to take in order to get a good dose of calcium.

Vitamin D assists the body in using the calcium a person eats. Sunlight is the best source of Vitamin D. By spending 15 minutes under the sun each day, a person will get enough Vitamin D. But, people who have skin cancer, or other skin diseases, shouldn’t be exposed to direct sunlight and should rather take vitamin D supplements. Only few foods are rich in vitamin D, although other juices and cereals are already enriched with the vitamin.

Other options include:

-sardines, mackerel, tuna, and salmon

-Egg yolk

-Dairy products that are fortified

Eat fresh

To keep the bone healthy, a person needs a diet that contains various vitamins and minerals. When it comes to fruits and veggies, eating a variety of them could be very healthy.

Drink moderately

Consuming alcoholic beverages may hinder the calcium absorption of the body. But it’s alright to have a drink or two daily.

Avoid carbonated and caffeinated beverages

Caffeinated drinks like coffee or energy drinks, as well as sodas, have a bad impact on the bone’s health.

Take it easy on the salt

The body loses more calcium when a person indulges on salty foods.

Summary:

Some healthy dishes can give a person a good deal of vitamin D and calcium, especially the ones that combine eggs, cheese, milk, and fish, such as salmon chowder, ricotta pancakes, macaroni and cheese, and tuna noodle casserole. For other dishes that are rich in calcium, one can look for them in cook books or search for them in the internet.

Preparing a healthy osteoporosis diet will help osteoporosis patients protect their bones. When calcium-rich dishes are prepared well, not only will it have a good impact on the patient’s bones, it will also have a positive impact on its mental health.

Natural Remedies for Psoriasis

Posted on 23. Jul, 2012 by .

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Psoriasis is a disease that his very hard to understand. Some psoriasis natural treatment may benefit a person, but may have no effect on another. There are a lot of treatments for psoriasis that are easily accessible. They are:

Dead Sea Salts

A natural, traditional healer, using salt from the Dead Sea is capable of offering dramatic remission or lessening of the illness. It’s not easy to prove this psoriasis treatment effective, but there have been many psoriasis patients who were relieved of the itch and pain psoriasis gives. The therapeutic elements that are found at the Dead Sea didn’t only result in an incredible rate of patients having completely clear psoriasis, but also make the disease’s recurrences less severe.

Water Therapy

The mixture of water and Bath Sea salts is the foundation of many great therapeutic treatments. Many types of natural water therapy are administered at ayurvedic and holistic centers, health clinics, and spas worldwide. Hydrotherapy baths in sports therapy clinics are used to help psoriasis patients recuperate from muscle and joint injuries.

Dermatologists recommend bathing in Bokek Dead Sea Salt for eczema, psoriasis, and other patients with dry skin ailments. Estheticians emphasize that the cleansing attributes of a sea salt bath can detoxify the body. Patients with cancer make use of water therapy to assist in dealing with radiation treatment. There are also therapeutic bath salts that you can use on a weekly or daily basis inside your home.

Food

There is no proven particular diet yet to prevent or help psoriasis, but it is advised that patients should eat food that makes them feel healthy. There are evidences that particular foods will help to clear up the skin. This may be true for individuals who have no general guidelines or rules that distinguish healthy from unhealthy foods.

Herbs

Herbs are one of the most successful psoriasis natural treatment as it has effectively treated various skin conditions. Herbalists are very familiar with herbs as it is used to treat various diseases for centuries. It is a good idea to buy herbal compounds from herbalists or a pharmacy since a lot of natural compounds are powerful. Note that taking too much of this may be toxic, make sure to take the right dosage.

Vitamins and Herbal Supplements

Focusing on strengthening and improving the human’s immune system, a nutritious and healthy diet can be a good psoriasis natural treatment. Natural herbal products, vitamins, and minerals haven’t been proven to cure psoriasis alone. Burdock, yellow dock, milk thistle, sarsaparilla and mountain grape have been said to be beneficial for psoriasis. Note that only the right doses of supplements should be taken to secure the health. To be safe, consult your doctor before consuming any supplements.

Positive Attitude

With diseases like psoriasis, it is a must to consider a person’s mental health because this can become a stepping stone to depression. Because of the effects of psoriasis, patients may experience stress and agony. It is advised that patients should be involved with various activities to keep their mind of the illness.

All about Rash Lupus

Posted on 21. Jul, 2012 by .

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What is it?

Lupus is chronic, autoimmune disease that can affect the joints. This happens when the immune cells abnormally attack the own body’s tissues. Lupus also can affect organs such as the kidney, heart, skin, lungs, and the brain, resulting to inflammation and damage of tissues.

What are the Symptoms?

  • Joint pain

Aching muscles and joint pain are famous signs of lupus. Like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus also affects the body symmetrically.

  • Fever and fatigue

People starting to develop lupus will experience low-grade fever and mild fatigue, which is enough to leave them restless, and disrupts their everyday activities.

  • Butterfly Rash

It’s a pink, flaky rash that occurs over the bridge of nose, across the cheeks. As its name suggest, its shape resembles a butterfly.

  • Light sensitivity

Sensitivity to light is common people suffering from lupus. Lupus flares occur when the patient is exposed to ultraviolet light for a long period of time; it also aggravates other symptoms.

  • Changes in nails

Blood vessels under the nail bed are affected by lupus. They become inflamed, and cause red spots to appear on the nails; they also become brittle. Even the neighboring skin swells.

  • Raynaud’s phenomenon

This occurs when the blood of the small blood vessels under the skin are disrupted, causing the fingers and toes to become numb, cold, tingly and painful; the fingers and toes may also turn blue or red.

  • Hair loss

Patients can experience hair loss, or thinning of hair, and then enter a period of abatement.  After hair loss, new and healthy hair grows back.

 

 

 

How is Rash lupus Diagnosed?

Lupus is an intricate disorder that can be difficult to determine because it shares several characteristics with other diseases. As lupus affects each person in different ways, it could take an uncertain period of time, even for the person, to perceive that he or she has lupus.

The physician will take record of the symptoms, and perform other physical examinations. An anti nuclear bodies test, or ANA, is done to gauge certain antibodies and proteins that appears in the blood. Examinations that involve cell counts, organ function, and ability to clot blood are also performed.

Risks of Blood Test

  • Acquirement of a small bruise
  • Swollen vein
  • Bleeding

Who Can Acquire Lupus?

Everyone can develop any form of lupus. But women are more susceptible to it than men. More than five million people are affected by lupus worldwide. Certain races are also more vulnerable to lupus than others: Asian, Latino, and Africa-American.

Medications for Rash lupus

A cure for lupus has not yet been found by medical researchers. But there are variety of treatments that can be done to prevent bone deformity and aggravation of symptoms. A patient could take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen to remedy pain, swelling, and tenderness of the joint.

Corticosteroids like prednisone diminish the inflammation of lupus, though it can pose side-effects like diabetes, infection, and weight gain. Antimalarial drugs reduce the appearances of rashes and prevent joint pain from worsening.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Inflammation: What is There to Know?

Posted on 20. Jul, 2012 by .

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What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

It’s a chronic, autoimmune disease that causes inflammation, swelling, warmth, and pain in the lining of the joints; it occurs typically in hands, knees, and wrists that results to join deformity, organ damage, and bone erosion. Shoulders, necks, elbows, and the jaw could also be affected by rheumatoid arthritis. Joint pain happens symmetrically.

Flares are episodes of increase disease activity—inflammation, pain–that trigger after experiencing stress and infection. Flares are unpredictable; a patient could develop it, and then enter an uncertain period of rest. It could also appear spontaneously.

What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Specialist has not yet found the precise cause of rheumatoid arthritis. This type of inflammatory arthritis believes to occur when the immune system mistakenly recognize your body’s own tissues as a threat and attacks it. Then the synovium, a thin layer of soft tissue lining the joint space, builds up unwanted fluid that leads to swelling, fever, and systemic pain.

How Common is it?

Research shows that rheumatoid arthritis inflammation occurs three times as often among women than in men; it usually starts at the age of forty to sixty. The severity of the disease is more aggravated in smokers.   

What are the Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis Inflammation?

It may include:

  • Stiffness, that mostly occurs in the morning
  • Pain within the joints that results in limited range of motion, there is also sensitivity
  • Swelling
  • Warmth, joint is warmer compared to the other parts of the body
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Redness
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mild anemia
  • Bumps of tissues (rheumatoid nodules)

This chronic disease affects each person differently. Some patients can rapidly develop the symptoms, while the others can acquire it slowly throughout the years. Patients could suffer from more severe symptoms than others. In some cases, patients could also be affected by joint pain in an uncertain length of time, and then experienced abatement of symptoms.

When to Seek a Medical Specialist

Consult with a physician immediately when one of the following happens:

  • Unexplained symptoms occurs
  • There is unbearable pain in the joint
  • Persistent discomfort
  • Fever coinciding with joint pain
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs are ineffective

Self-Care At Home

While waiting for a medical appointment, you can do self-care to ease mild discomfort.

  • Apply a cold or heat pack to the affected area three times every day; it will help reduce the pain and stiffness.
  • Take medications (if it’s still effective) like aspirin, ibuprofen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug to lessen pain and inflammation.
  • Avert any activities that will further stress the affected joint.

How does a Physician Diagnose Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis inflammation can be diagnosed by the physician in variety of ways: blood test, joint x-ray, ocular observation of rheumatoid nodules.

Anti-CCP or cyclic citrulline antibody test is an examination that detects antibodies that are associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Since mild anemia is one of the symptoms, a blood test is done to detect low-level of erythrocytes.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Relief—Surgery and Medication

Posted on 18. Jul, 2012 by .

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How can Rheumatoid Arthritis Be Treated?

Even with today’s modern technology, no cure has been found for rheumatoid arthritis. The primary cause is also unknown. But specialists have produce treatments that can reduce and prevent joint pain, swelling, bone erosion, and joint deformity. In some cases, your physician will suggest you to take occupational and physical therapy— these will teach you on how should you care and protect your joints; or surgery, when your rheumatoid arthritis have progressed greatly.

The Medications You Can Take

Medications used to treat rheumatoid arthritis have potential treatment benefit, and at the same pose serious side-effects. You physician can prescribed a variety of medications.

Immunosuppressant – are agents that suppress the activity of the immune system, which mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues leading to rheumatoid arthritis. Imuran, Neoral, Azasan, Gengraf, Sandimmune, and Cytoxan are examples.

Aspirin and cortisone– relieve pain and inflammation. Also reduces fever. Side-effects like nausea, diarrhea, stomach ache, inability to clot blood, and bleeding can occur.

Methotrexate— can be consumed orally, or can be injected into the joint weekly. Methotrexate taken with Plaquenil is recommended for patients for rheumatoid arthritis relief; it lessens rheumatoid arthritis inflammation, and prevents joint deformity. Methotrexate has shown promising results compared to other rheumatoid arthritis medications. But like other medications, methotrexate has side-effects such as diarrhea, mouth sores, skin rash, hair loss, and fatigue.

Ibuprofen, naproxen, and etodolac— are other anti-inflammatory drugs that are effective in reducing swelling and pain. Medipren, Motrin, Advil, Naprosyn, and Lodine are examples.  Side-effects includes: abdominal pain, stomach ache, nausea, and gastrointestinal bleeding. These drugs are consumed after a meal.

TNF-alpha inhibitor—inflammatory compounds call Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, or TNF-alpha, is made by the body. The role of TNF-alpha inhibitor is to stop TNF-alpha from aggravating the affected joint by reducing the swelling, pain, and tenderness.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Surgery

There are different kinds of surgical techniques for rheumatoid arthritis. It is best to consult a medical specialist, and discuss a treatment plan that will best lead to rheumatoid arthritis relief.

Osteotomy—is a procedure that is done by cutting a bone neighboring the affected join to change its alignment.  Physical therapy is taken by patients after undergoing osteotomy.

Are you a candidate for osteotomy?

  • You are under sixty years old
  • You are overweight
  • Your join shows no sign of inflammation
  • You join is deformed and uneven

Arthroscopy—commonly perform on the knee, arthroscopy is a procedure where a surgeon uses a arthroscope, a tube-like instrument that is used for viewing, that is infused into the affected area through incisions. Arthroscopy is performed for patients with conditions like torn surface cartilage by purging the inflamed tissues.

Are you a candidate for arthroscopy?

  • You have decrease mobility
  •  You suffer from torn cartilages

Synovectomy— is method where the abstraction of synovial membrane, the tissues that inflame when you have rheumatoid arthritis, is done.  If there are obstructions within the join, like ligaments, they can be move temporarily. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis in their wrists are good candidates for synvectomy.

General Idea about Swollen Joints

Posted on 17. Jul, 2012 by .

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Injuring one’s joints can be a very big hassle most especially for people who are always on the go. Joint injuries will hamper one’s movements and cause pain especially if left untreated. Swollen joints or joint effusion commonly occur as a result of sudden increase in the volume of fluid which lubricates the joints. Joint effusion is commonly an indicator of possible severe health complications such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondilitis, infectious arthritis, gout, joint injuries and psoriatic arthritis.

The increase in fluid in the joints usually results from bleeding resulting from infection, trauma, and immune reaction. Infection occurs because of two ways: through an open wound or through blood transmission from a different injury. Infecting organisms abound in joints because of the presence of synovial membrane. Common infecting organism that results to joint effusion includes streptococci, gonorrhea bacterium and staphylococci.

Trauma which results to breakage of cartilages and ligaments can lead to joint inflammation. Critical injuries might cause bleeding inside the joint which can complicate the joint effusion. Trauma is usually results from accidents and sporting activities.

Immune reaction comprises the body’s protective response against adverse drug reaction, automatic response, allergy and infection. Immune reaction possibly leads to swollen joints because of the synovial membrane located in joints. The body’s automatic and protective response to infections might cause inflammation in the membranes in the joints.

Presence of any combination of the following symptoms will warrant a visit to the doctor. The different symptoms which signal that a person has joint effusion include severe pain, stiffness, difficulty in movement, redness, swelling, sensitivity to touch, fever, warm joints, clicking sound of the joint (when moved) and evident joint deformity.

When joints begin to inflame, individuals should avoid constant movement and rest the inflamed portion. They can also use a joint brace in order to prevent strain on the injured joint.  Mild massage using topical oil can also help in preventing worsening the joint’s condition. This should be immediately done in order to prevent further deterioration of the joint.

Treatment for swollen joints depends on the case and extent of inflammation. Generally, the following medications are prescribed by doctors for patients who suffer from joint effusion:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to reduce the swelling of the joints and worsening of the pain. These drugs can be topically or orally applied.
  • Corticosteroids are also effective in short-term reduction of joint pains. This type of steroids is often used when there are chronic inflammations in the patient’s joints. Corticosteroids prevent the release of chemicals which cause pain in the joints. Corticosteroids can be applied through oral or joint injection means. Joint injection is the last resort when oral application of steroids is not effective.
  • Arthrocentesis or joint aspiration involves draining of the joint fluid in order to reduce the pressure in the joints. This leads to relieving of joint swelling and pain reduction. Joint aspiration is also used to diagnose unknown causes of joint problems.
  • Antibiotics can be taken whenever joint infection is present. Antibiotics help in treating the infection and prevent it from worsening. When an infection has already complicated and it cannot be treated by antibiotics, joint surgery is commonly recommended.

Various Treatments for Attention Deficit

Posted on 16. Jul, 2012 by .

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One classification of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the ADD or attention deficit disorder. ADD is a type of mental disorder which involves symptoms such as disorganization, procrastination, distractibility, inattention and fatigue. ADD differs from other type of ADHD condition because of the absence of hyperactivity symptoms. Individuals who have loved ones that suffers from ADD should obtain a good understanding of possible treatments for this condition. This will aid them in helping their relatives cope up with this rare condition. Doctors prescribe the following types of treatment for attention deficit.

  1. One typical treatment for attention deficit disorder is through psychotherapy interventions. Undergoing psychotherapy interventions are usually complemented with regular medication. Most medical professionals often require patients who have ADD to undergo psychotherapy in order to respond to long-term problems that this condition can inflict to the patient. Patients who undergo psychotherapy are subjected to counseling sessions wherein they are encouraged to speak freely about what they feel. Medical professionals aim to help patients identify their strengths and feel comfortable about their selves. Achieving these objectives help the patient to deal with their problems and manager their aggression better. Psychotherapy helps the patient to improve their self confidence that can have a positive impact to their behavior.
  2. Undergoing stimulant medication is another mean of treating ADD. Stimulants include amphetamines and methylpenidate. Recent versions of these drugs are usually prescribed to be ingested once a day. These stimulant drugs help ADD patients reduce hyperactivity and focus their attention. This also helps them improve body coordination problems. Side effects of stimulants include tics, reduced appetite, insomnia, mild stomach aches and irritability. It is important to remember that stimulant medication only manages ADHD conditions on a per day basis. This does not cure the condition on a long term basis. This helps patients control their hyperactivity whenever they are undergoing psychotherapy interventions. Antidepressants are also sometimes prescribed depending on the condition of the patient.
  3. ADD patients can also undergo social skills training to further enhance their ability to interact with other people. Most social skills training program involve lessons on how to share things with other people, how to ask for help and how to deal with occasional teasing. Eye contact, perspective training and body language are also tackled in these sessions. Social skills training involve practicing regular interaction in a controlled environment between the patient and the therapist. It is better to employ professional therapist since patients which have ADD often experience difficulty in learning social skills.
  4. Maintaining a core support group is also helpful in supporting treatment for attention deficit. Patients which have ADHD, together with their parents, need to have the feeling of belongingness in order to cope with the problem better. This sense of belongingness is cultivated through regular interaction and advice giving. This also provides them a comfortable avenue wherein they can discuss ADD issues without the fear of ridicule. In order to complement the treatment, support groups can sponsor talks from experts that can address their specific concerns regarding the condition.