Common Causes of Joint Pain Swelling

Posted on 20. Aug, 2012 by in General Health Concerns

So, you want to know about the different causes of joint pain swelling! A joint is a part in the body where two bones come together. It contains ligaments, cartilage and tendons. Certain diseases can cause joint inflammation and pain. Thus, in order to get rid of the pain and swelling, it is important to address the underlying cause of the problem.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Known as an autoimmune disease typifies by swelling joints, rheumatoid arthritis affects the fingers, joints, knees, ankles and feet. Common symptoms include appetite loss, fatigue, weakness, swollen glands and low fever. As the disease develops, pain in the joints can be felt by the affected person. Sufferers may even lose motion range in their joints.

Treatment includes taking of some medications, undertaking physical therapy and exercising regularly. If rheumatoid arthritis is serious, surgery may be suggested as a treatment option. Normally, the joint is replaced with a synthetic one.


Joint pain swelling may also be experienced by anyone because of gout. Uric acid is a body substance that develops from purine breakdown. In a healthy individual, the body is capable of breaking down uric acid and taking it off from the body. For those with gout, the body may either be producing excessive uric acid or cannot seem to break it down properly. This often results in uric acid accumulation in the blood.

Excess uric acid can become urate crystals that collect around the joints, causing sudden attacks of pain, inflammation and stiffness. Gout commonly affects the joint in the toe, ankles, knees, hands, feet and wrists. Gout symptoms usually can be felt at night.

Aside from swelling and uncomfortable pain, other symptoms of gout may include redness and lingering discomfort. Gout treatment usually involves intake of some medications, usually those that can prevent uric acid production in the body.


Characterized by swelling of the bursae, bursitis commonly affects the hips and elbows. Bursitis occurs due to repetitive or frequent movement of the joints, prolonged sitting and extensive kneeling. Common symptoms include stiffness and pain in the joints, especially when moving.

Bursitis treatment includes resting of the inflamed area and application of ice to address swelling. To reduce pain, a sufferer may be suggested to take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In severe cases of bursitis, anti-inflammatory medications may be injected into the affected area in order to reduce swelling.

It is common to experience joint pain swelling especially if you are an athlete or fond of doing sports activities. Joint pain and swelling linked with sports injuries can keep you out of action. Experiencing aches, pain and swelling are signs that there is something serious to be addressed, thus, such symptoms should not be ignored.

The moment you feel pain, noticed swelling in the joint area or find it difficult to move and walk around, seek professional help immediately to have your condition checked. Too often, joint pain and swelling are symptoms of a disease. You can only get rid of the pain and prevent it from coming back by treating what could be causing it.


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