An Overview of the Treatment for Osteoporosis

Posted on 15. Aug, 2012 by in Osteoporosis

Nowadays, osteoporosis is one of the widespread conditions that many people in the world suffer from. Osteoporosis (or porous bones) is a disease described by deterioration in the bone mineral density, bone microarchitecture and bone proteins. As a result, this heightens the risk of getting bone fractures. Osteoporosis had been observed to be more common for women who already underwent menopause. There are three types of osteoporosis discovered by medical professionals: primary type 1, primary type 2 and secondary. The type of osteoporosis is commonly associated with the patient’s age and the means of contracting it. Medical professionals have already conducted different research projects that successfully yielded treatment for osteoporosis.

Medication

Undergoing medication is one of the methods that can help treat osteoporosis. These medications should be taken as recommended by the patient’s doctor. Medications are often prescribed in order to prevent developing porous bones and to avoid bone loss. These treatment objectives are often addressed through drugs which increase bone mass. Doctors see to it that the medications they suggest will match their patient’s lifestyle. According to research studies, most of these treatments diminish fracture risk by about fifty percent.

There are two classifications of drugs used to treat osteoporosis: antiresorptive drugs and bone forming drugs. Antiresorptive drugs aid in reducing the probability of bone loss. Antiresorptive drugs can be easily purchased over the counter from drug stores. Examples of antiresorptive drugs include selective estrogen receptor modulator, non-sex hormone, hormone replacement therapy and biphosphonates. On the other hand, bone forming drugs contain components which improve bone mass. This type of drug is currently being developed and introduced by medical researchers. Bone forming drugs include strontium ranelate and parathyroid hormone.

Proper nutrition

Intake of appropriate vitamins and minerals also plays a huge role in treatment for osteoporosis. Foods rich in calcium should be included in the diet to strengthen the bones. Calcium-rich foods include cheese, yogurt, milk, leafy vegetables, sardines, tofu and almonds. People who do not frequently eat this type of foods can opt to drink supplements in order to avoid calcium deficiency.

Vitamin D is also important in preventing osteoporosis. Vitamin D plays a significant role in helping the body absorb calcium from the food they eat. Deficiency in Vitamin D might result to the inability to get calcium from foods. Vitamin D can be obtained from two sources: through sunlight exposure and through food intake. Foods that contain Vitamin D include dairy products, liver and saltwater fish.

Magnesium is also important in maintaining good bone mass. Magnesium aids in storing calcium in the bones and avoiding calcium leaks towards soft tissues. Foods that are rich in magnesium include dark leafy vegetables and legumes.

Exercise

Regular exercise is also important part of treatment for osteoporosis. Physical therapists can recommend different routines that can help in strengthening bones and protecting them from external injuries. Weight bearing routines such as hiking, dancing, walking and jogging…even home workouts help develop bone mass. Resistance training (i.e. weight lifting) can also improve both muscle and bone mass. Exercise as well as various exercises at home also improves body coordination which reduces the chance of getting into damaging falls.

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